Period 5: 1848-1877

Key Concepts

Key Concept 5.1 — The United States became more connected with the world, pursued an expansionist foreign policy in the Western Hemisphere, and emerged as the destination for many migrants from other countries.

Key Concept 5.2 — Intensified by expansion and deepening regional divisions, debates over slavery and other economic, cultural, and political issues led the nation into civil war.

Key Concept 5.3 — The Union victory in the Civil War and the contested reconstruction of the South settled the issues of slavery and secession, but left unresolved many questions about the power of the federal government and citizenship rights.

Related & of Interest

1800's Political Parties

Study Resources

Gilder Lehrman Institute: Period 5

Primary Sources

Uncle Tom's Cabin (Excerpt)

Harriett Beecher Stowe

Print Source: Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom's Cabin (Boston: John P. Jewett & Co., 1852).