Unit 4: 1450 CE - 1750 CE

Note: This page and all of the pages listed below are part of a curriculum that has been drastically modified by the College Board. The information here is still good (it is history, after all), but the new AP Curriculum has removed everything before 1200 CE. As I do not currently teach this course, the units and key concepts here have not been updated.

Unit 4

Key Concepts

Key Concept 4.1 — The interconnection of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, made possible by transoceanic voyaging, transformed trade and religion and had a significant economic, cultural, social, and demographic impact on the world.

Key Concept 4.2 — Although the world's productive systems continued to be heavily centered on agriculture, major changes occurred in agricultural labor, the systems and locations of manufacturing, gender and social structures, and environmental processes.

Key Concept 4.3 — Empires expanded around the world, presenting new challenges in the incorporation of diverse populations and in the effective administration of new coerced labor systems.

Study Resources

Additional Reading

Peer Resources

These were collected by your peers while studying for Period 4. Thank your friends.

Primary Sources

95 Theses

Luther, Martin
Martin Luther's 95 statements regarding problems that he had with the Catholic Church. A foundational document of the Protestant Revolution, whether or not that was actually what he wanted to start.